Heterozygous point mutations at Y641 and A677 in the EZH2 SET domain are prevalent in about 10-24% of Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). Previous studies indicate that these are gain-of-function mutations leading to the hypertrimethylation of H3K27. These EZH2 mutations may drive the proliferation of lymphoma and make EZH2 a molecular target for patients harboring these mutations. Here, another EZH2 SET domain point mutation, A687V, occurring in about 1-2% of lymphoma patients, is also shown to be a gain-of-function mutation that greatly enhances its ability to perform dimethylation relative to wild-type EZH2 and is equally proficient at catalyzing trimethylation. We propose that A687V EZH2 also leads to hypertrimethylation of H3K27 and may thus be a driver mutation in NHL.
Copyright © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.