ER-associated degradation (ERAD) is a mechanism by which numerous ER-localized proteins are targeted for cytosolic degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. A surprising and still-cryptic requirement of this process is the energy dependent retrotranslocation of both lumenal and membrane-embedded ER proteins into the cytosol for ongoing ubiquitination and proteasomal destruction. The current understanding, results, and open questions are discussed below for this intriguing and critical process of ERAD.
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.