The aim was to assess the effect of wool underwear use in patients with chronic non specific low back pain. The study employed two-group, experimental design. A total of 48 patients with chronic non specific low back pain were selected for the study. They were distributed into two groups: a control group and a treatment group. The 24 patients in each group were randomly selected and the compositions of the two groups. The patients in the treatment group wore woolen underwear during the experimental period of 2 month. All patients were assessed at the beginning the trial (pre-test) and the end of 8th (post-test) week. Data were collected using the visual analogue pain scale, Oswestry Disability Index and Schober test measurements. Patients in the treatment group reported significant improvements in their conditions including a reduction in pain levels and Oswestry Disability Index, and Schober test measurements increased (p<0.001). Patients with chronic non-specific low back pain who wore wool underwear experienced significant improvements in pain intensity, disability, and lower back flexibility.