Oesophageal pouches and diverticula: a pictorial review

S Afr J Surg. 2012 Jul 11;50(3):71-5. doi: 10.7196/sajs.1299.


Diverticula of the oesophagus are rare. They can occur at any level, and are often defined by their anatomical location. Three categories are recognised, namely pharyngo-oesophageal, parabronchial and epiphrenic. Although these diverticula are often asymptomatic, patients can develop significant problems with dysphagia, regurgitation and aspiration. The causation of oesophageal diverticula is controversial; however, the popular current belief is that most occur because of oesophageal dysmotility. This paper demonstrates the categories of oesophageal diverticula pictorially, including the radiological features and underlying pathology.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Barium Sulfate
  • Contrast Media
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diverticulum, Esophageal / classification
  • Diverticulum, Esophageal / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Radiography


  • Contrast Media
  • Barium Sulfate