Photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of glutathione based on porous TiO2-Pt nanowhiskers

Langmuir. 2012 Aug 21;28(33):12393-9. doi: 10.1021/la302355b. Epub 2012 Aug 9.


The performance of TiO(2) nanoparticles is extremely attractive in various areas of chemical and biochemical engineering as they can effectively work by combining the photocatalytic property with various superior properties of the related nanostructure. The relevant photoelectrochemical detection has attracted considerable interest and shown potential applications in a wide range of areas. In this study, we have prepared new nanowhiskers of platinum-doped titanium dioxide (TiO(2)-Pt), which could be further used to fabricate a novel nanointerface for the sensitive detection of biomolecules including glutathione (GSH). Our observations demonstrate that the sensitive TiO(2)-Pt nanowhiskers biointerface could be readily fabricated by casting the TiO(2)-Pt nanowhiskers suspension on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE), which could readily combine the photocatalytic and eletrocatalytic properties of TiO(2) nanocomposites to introduce a novel photoelectrocatalytic biosensor for GSH detection in real samples. Compared to other analysis strategies, the TiO(2)-Pt nanowhiskers-modified GCE showed a considerably high sensitivity for the detection of GSH due to the excellent photoelectrocatalytic ability of the porous TiO(2)-Pt nanowhiskers. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy have shown that Pt can readily blend with porous TiO(2) nanowhiskers and facilitate the relevant catalysis property of TiO(2), resulting in the enhanced photoelectrocatalytic effect. Thus, through the new strategy of the utilization of the excellent photoelectrocatalytic property of TiO(2)-Pt nanocomposites, it is possible to realize the rapid electrochemical detection of glutathione with high sensitivity, low cost, and good reproducibility.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Catalysis
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electron Transport
  • Glutathione / analysis
  • Glutathione / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Nanoparticles / chemistry*
  • Oxygen / chemistry
  • Photochemical Processes*
  • Platinum / chemistry*
  • Porosity
  • Titanium / chemistry*


  • titanium dioxide
  • Platinum
  • Titanium
  • Glutathione
  • Oxygen