Thirty-five individuals with fibromyalgia (fibrositis), 22 of their physicians, and 49 rheumatologists on an Arthritis Foundation referral list rated the importance of 24 aspects of fibromyalgia treatment. These encompassed symptom control, psychosocial factors, information, and physical therapy. Respondents with fibromyalgia rated their satisfaction with the way each aspect of treatment had been managed by their physician, and each completed a health status questionnaire. Fibromyalgia patients viewed 8 of the 24 aspects of treatment as significantly more important than did their own physician, and 18 of the 24 as significantly more important than did area rheumatologists. Satisfaction with the way treatment had been managed was generally low. Some evidence suggested that patients' health status was affected positively by the extent to which their physician viewed certain aspects of treatment as important. The results are expected to be useful in the design of fibromyalgia education programs for both lay and health professional audiences.