Background: Psychosocial stressors either acute or more sustained frequently precede the onset and exacerbation of the symptoms of the functional dyspepsia (FD). Depressive mood and quality of life have been already reported for interference in functional dyspepsia suffering patients.
Methods: The examination were performed on 60 FD patients (30 females and 30 males), aged 20-79 years, 60 peptic ulcer subjects and 60 healthy volunteers in which we have investigate levels of anxiety and depression, personality traits and quality of life.
Result: According to the Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Rating Scales, the population with FD had the average score which classified them into the group of patients with the moderate depression (20.57 ± 4.45). Personality traits estimation based on data obtained by the Eysenck personality questionnaire revealed higher neuroticism scores in the group with functional dyspepsia. Both parameters, level of the neuroticism and anxiety level, expressed highly significant level of mutual concordance. Patients with functional dyspepsia reported a greater adverse impact of symptoms of emotional distress and food and drink problems.
Conclusion: Results are indicating that the depression and anxiety level is the highest in patients with functional dyspepsia and that anxiety level corroborates with the neuroticism level from the Eysenck scale. Psychological disturbances are influencing the quality of life mostly in patients with dyspepsia in the form of emotional distress and the problem with the food and beverage intake.
Copyright © 2012 European Federation of Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.