Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of 3 doses of intranasal ketamine (INK) for sedation of children from 1 to 7 years old requiring laceration repair.
Methods: This was a randomized, prospective, double-blind trial of children requiring sedation for laceration repair. Patients with simple lacerations were randomized by age to receive 3, 6, or 9 mg/kg INK. Adequacy and efficacy of sedation were measured with the Ramsay sedation score and the Observational Scale of Behavioral Distress-Revised. Serum ketamine and norketamine levels were drawn during the procedure. Sedation duration and adverse events were recorded.
Results: Of the 12 patients enrolled, 3 patients achieved adequate sedation, all at the 9-mg/kg dose. The study was suspended at that time as per predetermined criteria.
Conclusions: Nine milligrams of INK per kilogram produced a significantly higher proportion of successful sedations than the 3- and 6-mg/kg doses.