The "Golden Hours" of Management in Acute Pancreatitis

Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Aug;107(8):1146-50. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2012.91.

Abstract

In the past decade, a significant amount of active and enthusiastic research has changed the way we treat acute pancreatitis (AP) within the first 24 hours of presentation. We highlight the importance of rapid initiation of treatment to help prevent the considerable morbidity and mortality that can occur when interventions are delayed. We review recent data that validate simple and accurate tools for prognostication of AP to replace the older, more tedious methods that relied on numerous factors and required up to 48 hours to complete. Additionally, we aim to provide evidence-based guidelines and end points for fluid resuscitation. Finally, we hope to bring clarification to two previously controversial topics in AP treatment: the use of prophylactic antibiotics and early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Cholestasis / complications
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Fluid Therapy
  • Humans
  • Pancreatitis / diagnosis
  • Pancreatitis / etiology
  • Pancreatitis / therapy*
  • Prognosis
  • Severity of Illness Index