A patient centered care plan in the EHR: improving collaboration and engagement

Fam Syst Health. 2012 Sep;30(3):199-209. doi: 10.1037/a0029100. Epub 2012 Aug 6.


Patients attempting to manage their chronic conditions require ongoing support in changing and adopting self-management behaviors. However, patient values, health goals, and action plans are not well represented in the electronic health record (EHR) impeding the ability of the team (MA and providers) to provide respectful, ongoing self-management support. We evaluated whether a team approach to using an EHR based patient centered care plan (PCCP) improved collaborative self-management planning. An experimental, prospective cohort study was conducted in a family medicine residency clinic. The experimental group included 7 physicians and a medical assistant who received 2 hr of PCCP training. The control group consisted of 7 physicians and a medical assistant. EHR charts were analyzed for evidence of 8 behavior change elements. Follow-up interviews with experimental group patients and physicians and the medical assistant assessed their experiences. We found that PCCP charts had more documented behavior change elements than control charts in all 8 domains (p < .001). Experimental group physicians valued the PCCP model and suggested ways to improve its use. Patient feedback demonstrated support for the model. A PCCP can help team members to engage patients with chronic illnesses in goal setting and action planning to support self-management. An EHR design that stores patient values, health goals, and action plans may strengthen continuity and quality of care between patients and primary care team members. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

MeSH terms

  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Electronic Health Records*
  • Feedback
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Goals
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Care Planning*
  • Patient-Centered Care / methods*
  • Physician-Patient Relations*
  • Physicians, Primary Care
  • Pilot Projects
  • Problem Solving
  • Prospective Studies
  • Self Care
  • Young Adult