Herpes zoster in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis

Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 1990 Nov;64(11):1394-9. doi: 10.11150/kansenshogakuzasshi1970.64.1394.


Twenty-two patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM-DM) were retrospectively studied with regard to development of herpes zoster. Herpes zoster occurred with high frequency in patients with PM-DM. The clinical courses of zoster infections were uneventful; no severe complications nor deaths occurred, and only one patient had post-therapeutic neuralgia. No specific therapy for this infection was necessary. Zoster tended to occur in the inactive stage of PM-DM. PM-DM patients with herpes zoster had a significantly higher incidence of antinuclear antibody. There seemed to be no relationship between steroid therapy and herpes zoster infection.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / analysis
  • DNA / immunology
  • Dermatomyositis / complications*
  • Dermatomyositis / immunology
  • Female
  • Herpes Zoster / epidemiology*
  • Herpes Zoster / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myositis / complications*
  • Myositis / immunology
  • Prednisolone / adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Antibodies, Antinuclear
  • DNA
  • Prednisolone