Lifestyle- and behaviour-change interventions in musculoskeletal conditions

Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2012 Jun;26(3):293-304. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2012.05.002.


This review discusses several health behaviours associated with the progression and impact of osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), including weight management, physical activity, medication adherence and smoking. An overview of current theories of behaviour-change is provided in terms of principles that can guide medical practice. Finally, evaluation studies of interventions targeting weight loss, physical activity and medication adherence in patients with OA or RA are presented and discussed. Of existing behaviour-change interventions in this population, few have taken a comprehensive theory-based approach to behaviour-change. Practitioners who provide lifestyle or behavioural advice to patients would do well to adopt a less prescriptive and more patient-centred approach in which they, or other health professionals to whom they refer the patient, assist the patient in formulating personal change goals, in translating good intentions into specific action plans and in closely monitoring their progress towards self-chosen goals.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / therapy*
  • Behavior
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Intention
  • Life Style
  • Osteoarthritis / therapy*
  • Self Care
  • Smoking
  • Weight Loss