Introduction: Experience suggests transplanting whole liver allografts (WL) from donors weighing <6 kg portends a worse prognosis. Patient and allograft survivals of infants who underwent transplantation with livers from donors ≥6 kg, <6 kg, or technical variant allografts from deceased donors (TV) and those from living donors (LD) were compared.
Methods: The United Network of Organ Sharing database was queried for infant orthotopic liver transplantation (≤2 y). Of 5976 orthotopic liver transplantations, 860 patients received TV from deceased donors, 534 received LD split allografts, 509 patients had WL from donors weighing <6 kg, and 4073 remaining patients had WL from donors weighing ≥6 kg. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank tests were employed.
Results: Patients who received WL from donors weighing <6 kg had survival mean of 13.9 y ± 177 d. Overall patient survivals were 76.7%, 71.4%, 68.4%, and 65.9% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 y. This is significantly worse compared with all other groups, both in patient and allograft survival (P ≤ 0.001). In patients whose donors ≥6 kg, overall patient survivals were 82.1%, 78.7%, 77.3%, and 75.4% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 y. Infants who received TV had patient survival of 87.8%, 84.7%, 82.7%, and 80.6% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 y. Infants who received LD allografts had patient survival of 92.4%, 90.7%, 89.6%, and 88.5% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 y.
Conclusions: Smaller weight of the donor influences the infant patient outcome. Patients with allografts from donors weighing <6 kg have a worse prognosis compared with those who received TV and LD allografts and those whose donors weigh ≥6 kg. Patients who receive LD allografts had the best survival.
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