Skyrmion Flow Near Room Temperature in an Ultralow Current Density

Nat Commun. 2012;3:988. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1990.

Abstract

The manipulation of spin textures with electric currents is an important challenge in the field of spintronics. Many attempts have been made to electrically drive magnetic domain walls in ferromagnets, yet the necessary current density remains quite high (~10(7) A cm(-2)). A recent neutron study combining Hall effect measurements has shown that an ultralow current density of J~10(2) A cm(-2) can trigger the rotational and translational motion of the skyrmion lattice in MnSi, a helimagnet, within a narrow temperature range. Raising the temperature range in which skyrmions are stable and reducing the current required to drive them are therefore desirable objectives. Here we demonstrate near-room-temperature motion of skyrmions driven by electrical currents in a microdevice composed of the helimagnet FeGe, by using in-situ Lorentz transmission electron microscopy. The rotational and translational motions of skyrmion crystal begin under critical current densities far below 100 A cm(-2).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't