Wavelet cross-correlation to investigate regional variations in cerebral oxygenation in infants supported on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2013;765:203-209. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-4989-8_28.


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can potentially affect cerebral blood flow dynamics and consequently influence cerebral autoregulation. We applied wavelet cross-correlation (WCC) between multichannel cerebral oxyhemoglobin concentration (HbO(2)) and mean arterial pressure (MAP), to assess regional variations in cerebral autoregulation. Six infants on veno-arterial (VA) ECMO were studied during sequential changes in the ECMO flows. WCC between MAP and HbO(2) for each flow period and each channel was calculated within three different frequency (wavelet scale) bands centered around 0.1, 0.16, and 0.3 Hz chosen to represent low frequency oscillations, ventilation, and respiration rates, respectively. The group data showed a relationship between maximum WCC and ECMO flow. During changes in ECMO flow, statistically significant differences in maximum WCC were found between right and left hemispheres. WCC between HbO(2) and MAP provides a useful method to investigate the dynamics of cerebral autoregulation during ECMO. Manipulations of ECMO flows are associated with regional changes in cerebral autoregulation which may potentially have an important bearing on clinical outcome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Arterial Pressure
  • Brain / blood supply*
  • Brain / physiopathology
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation*
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / methods*
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Monitoring, Physiologic*
  • Oxygen / metabolism*
  • Oxyhemoglobins / metabolism
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / prevention & control*
  • Wavelet Analysis*


  • Oxyhemoglobins
  • Oxygen