Objective: The presence of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) was investigated.
Methods: Swanson, Nolan and Pelham teacher and parent rating scales, version 4 (SNAP-IV), commonly used for assessing symptoms of ADHD, were completed by parents and counselors of children who attended a CHD summer camp. Mean scores (n = 51) were compared with two comparison groups without CHD: patients with ADHD (n = 75) and patients without ADHD (n = 41). Parent scores were also compared to previously published parent normative data.
Results: Patients with CHD were reported to have elevated SNAP-IV scores by parents and counselors (11.8%). Parent ratings of inattention were significantly greater in CHD subjects when compared to the comparison group without ADHD (P < 0.001), and similar to the ADHD-positive comparison group. Regarding parent ratings of hyperactivity and impulsivity, the CHD group was significantly lower than the ADHD-positive controls (P = 0.024) but greater than the ADHD-negative controls (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: ADHD symptoms are more prevalent in children with CHD. Parent ratings of inattention and hyperactivity symptoms in CHD patients are similar to ratings in children diagnosed with ADHD. There is a trend towards a greater prevalence of inattention symptoms in patients with cyanosis or single ventricle physiology.
© 2012 The Authors. Pediatrics International © 2012 Japan Pediatric Society.