Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) was an independent prognostic factor for metastatic renal cell carcinoma in the cytokine era. However, the impact of CRP on the survival of metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors has not yet been investigated. Therefore, we further evaluated the prognostic impact of CRP for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with molecular-targeted agents of tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
Methods: Fifty-two patients were treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors for metastatic renal cell carcinoma at our institution. Overall, 31 and 21 patients were administered sunitinib and sorafenib, respectively. The prognostic value of all variables, including CRP, for overall survival was assessed using the Cox proportional hazards model.
Results: The median baseline CRP level was 4.9 mg/l. In multivariate analysis, CRP was an independent predictor for overall survival as both continuous and categorical variable. The median overall survival times of patients with non-elevated CRP concentration (<8 mg/l) were not reached, compared with those of patients with elevated CRP concentration (8 mg/l or greater) of 15.9 months. There was a significant difference in overall survival rates between the two groups, with 1- and 3-year overall survival rates of 92.8 and 69.3% versus 50.2 and 22.9% for the non-elevated CRP group and the elevated CRP group (p = 0.003), respectively.
Conclusions: CRP has a significant impact on overall survival of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma carcinoma treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors.