Bacterial cytokinesis: From Z ring to divisome

Cytoskeleton (Hoboken). 2012 Oct;69(10):778-90. doi: 10.1002/cm.21054. Epub 2012 Aug 30.


Ancestral homologues of the major eukaryotic cytoskeletal families, tubulin and actin, play critical roles in cytokinesis of bacterial cells. FtsZ is the ancestral homologue of tubulin and assembles into the Z ring that determines the division plane. FtsA, a member of the actin family, is involved in coordinating cell wall synthesis during cytokinesis. FtsA assists in the formation of the Z ring and also has a critical role in recruiting downstream division proteins to the Z ring to generate the divisome that divides the cell. Spatial regulation of cytokinesis occurs at the stage of Z ring assembly and regulation of cell size occurs at this stage or during Z ring maturation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacteria / cytology*
  • Bacteria / growth & development
  • Bacteria / metabolism
  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Cytokinesis*
  • Models, Biological
  • Spores, Bacterial / physiology


  • Bacterial Proteins