Objective: To assess complications associated with double-barreled wet colostomy (DBWC) in the first six months after pelvic exenteration as compared to separate urinary and fecal diversion (SUD).
Methods: A single institution retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients who underwent a pelvic exenteration between 2000 and 2011. Patients were included if the procedure involved at least a urinary diversion and a perineal phase. Patient demographics and complications in the first 6months after surgery were recorded.
Results: Thirty-three patients met inclusion criteria (12 DBWC and 21 SUD). The majority of patients had recurrent cervical cancer (58%) followed by vaginal, vulva, and endometrial cancer. All patients had previously received radiation. 10/12 patients with a DBWC and 67% of SUD had pelvic reconstruction. Median length of stay (LOS) was shorter for DBWC (14.5 vs. 20days, p=.01). Median operating times were shorter for DBWC (610 vs. 702minutes, p=.04). No urinary conduit or anastomotic bowel leaks occurred in the DBWC group compared to 5 (24%) and 2 (9.5%), respectively, in the SUD group (p=.06 for any leak). 58% of the DBWC and 62% of the SUD group required re-operation, and there were no 30-day peri-operative deaths.
Conclusions: DBWC can be performed safely at the time of pelvic exenteration. We found reduced operating times, shorter LOS, and a trend toward fewer urinary conduit and/or bowel anastomotic leaks in DBWC exenteration patients. DBWC may be favorable over more technically challenging SUD in this heavily radiated population that generally has a limited overall survival.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.