Perceptual retouch theory derived modeling of interactions in the processing of successive visual objects for consciousness: two-stage synchronization of neuronal oscillators

Conscious Cogn. 2013 Mar;22(1):330-47. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2012.07.007. Epub 2012 Aug 11.


We introduce a new version of the perceptual retouch model. This model was used for explaining properties of temporal interaction of successive objects in reaching conscious representation. The new model incorporates two interactive binding operations - binding features for objects and binding the bound feature-objects with a large scale oscillatory system that corresponds to perceptual consciousness. Here, the typical result of masking experiments - second object advantage in conscious perception - is achieved by applying the effects of a common synchronizing oscillator with a delay. This delayed modulation of each of the feature-binding first-order oscillators that represent emerging and decaying neural activities of each of the objects guarantees that the oscillating synchrony of the feature-neurons of the following object is higher than the synchrony of the feature-neurons of the first presented object. Thus we model the fact that the following object dominates the preceding object in conscious perception. We also show the capacity of the model to simulate illusory misbinding of features from different objects. The third qualitative effect, the relative release of the first object from backward masking is achieved by priming the non-specific oscillatory modulation ahead in time.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Computer Simulation
  • Consciousness / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Neural Networks, Computer*
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Perception / physiology*
  • Perceptual Masking / physiology*
  • Psychological Theory*