Acute respiratory infections in children: a case management intervention in Abbottabad District, Pakistan

Bull World Health Organ. 1990;68(5):577-85.


Between 1985 and 1987, a community-based case-management programme for acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) was conducted in a rural district of northern Pakistan. The impact on infant and child mortality of this programme, which included active case-finding and maternal health education, was evaluated. In 1985-86, the ALRI-specific mortality rate among children less than 5 years old in 31 intervention villages was 6.3 deaths per 1000 children per year, compared with 14.4 in seven control villages (P = 0.0001). Within one year of the interventions being extended to the control villages in 1987, the ALRI-specific mortality rate in these villages dropped by 55% to 6.5 per 1000 children per year (P = 0.06). The total child mortality rate in 1985-86 was 29.0 per 1000 children per year in the intervention villages and 39.4 per 1000 children in the control villages, a difference of 26% (P = 0.01). With the interventions in 1987, the total child mortality rate in the control villages declined by 29% to 27.8 per 1000 children per year (P = 0.09). Similar intervention-associated declines in the infant mortality rate were also observed. Case management of acute respiratory infection by village-level community health workers backed up by local health centre staff appeared to significantly reduce both ALRI-specific and total infant and child mortality rates in this setting.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Algorithms
  • Cause of Death
  • Child, Preschool
  • Community Health Workers / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Mothers / education
  • Pakistan
  • Pneumonia / diagnosis
  • Primary Health Care*
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / diagnosis
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / mortality
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / therapy*