Graphene-SnO2 composites for highly efficient photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue under sunlight

Nanotechnology. 2012 Sep 7;23(35):355705. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/23/35/355705. Epub 2012 Aug 15.


Graphene sheets decorated with SnO(2) nanoparticles (RGO-SnO(2)) were prepared via a redox reaction between graphene oxide (GO) and SnCl(2). Graphene oxide (GO) was reduced to graphene (RGO) and Sn(2+) was oxidized to SnO(2) during the redox reaction, leading to a homogeneous distribution of SnO(2) nanoparticles on RGO sheets. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show uniform distribution of the nanoparticles on the RGO surface and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) shows an average particle size of 3-5 nm. The RGO-SnO(2) composite showed an enhanced photocatalytic degradation activity for the organic dye methylene blue under sunlight compared to bare SnO(2) nanoparticles. This result leads us to believe that the RGO-SnO(2) composite could be used in catalytic photodegradation of other organic dyes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Graphite / chemistry*
  • Methylene Blue / chemistry*
  • Nanocomposites / chemistry*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Particle Size
  • Photolysis
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Sunlight
  • Tin Compounds / chemistry*


  • Tin Compounds
  • stannous chloride
  • Graphite
  • Methylene Blue