Evidence for mobile phone radiation exposure effects on reproductive pattern of male rats: role of ROS

Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Sep;31(3):213-22. doi: 10.3109/15368378.2012.700292.


The relationship between radiofrequency electromagnetic fields emitted from mobile phone and infertility is a matter of continuing debate. It is postulated that these radiations may affect the reproduction pattern spell by targeting biochemistry of sperm. In an attempt to expedite the issue, 70 days old Wistar rats (n = 6) were exposed to mobile phone radiofrequency (RF) radiation for 2 h per day for 45 days and data compared with sham exposed (n = 6) group. A significant decrease (P < 0.05) in the level of testosterone and an increase in caspase-3 activity were found in the RF-exposed animals. Distortions in sperm head and mid piece of sperm mitochondrial sheath were also observed as captured by Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). In addition, progeny from RF-exposed rats showed significant decreases in number and weight as compared with that of sham-exposed animals. A reduction in testosterone, an increase in caspase-3, and distortion in spermatozoa could be caused by overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in animals under mobile phone radiation exposure. Our findings on these biomarkers are clear indications of possible health implications of repeated exposure to mobile phone radiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Weight / radiation effects
  • Caspase 3 / metabolism
  • Cell Phone*
  • Litter Size / radiation effects
  • Male
  • Radio Waves / adverse effects*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*
  • Reproduction / radiation effects*
  • Spermatozoa / abnormalities
  • Spermatozoa / radiation effects*
  • Spermatozoa / ultrastructure
  • Testosterone / blood


  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Testosterone
  • Caspase 3