Suppressor analyses identify threonine as a modulator of ridA mutant phenotypes in Salmonella enterica

PLoS One. 2012;7(8):e43082. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043082. Epub 2012 Aug 10.


The RidA (YjgF/YER057c/UK114) family of proteins is broadly conserved in the three domains of life yet the functional understanding of these proteins is at an early stage. Physiological studies of ridA mutant strains of Salmonella enterica provided a framework to inform in vitro studies and led to the description of a conserved biochemical activity for this family. ridA mutant strains of S. enterica have characteristic phenotypes including new synthesis of thiamine biosynthetic intermediate phosphoribosylamine (PRA), inability to grow on pyruvate as a sole carbon and energy source or when serine is present in the minimal growth medium, and a decreased specific activity of transaminase B (IlvE). Secondary mutations restoring growth to a ridA mutant in the presence of serine were in dapA (encoding dihydrodipicolinate synthase) and thrA (encoding homoserine dehydrogenase). These mutations suppressed multiple ridA mutant phenotypes by increasing the synthesis of threonine. The ability of threonine to suppress the metabolic defects of a ridA mutant is discussed in the context of recent biochemical data and in vivo results presented here.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Aspartic Acid / metabolism
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics*
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Mutation*
  • Phenotype*
  • Salmonella enterica / genetics*
  • Salmonella enterica / growth & development
  • Salmonella enterica / metabolism*
  • Serine / metabolism
  • Suppression, Genetic*
  • Threonine / metabolism*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • YjgF protein, Bacteria
  • Threonine
  • Aspartic Acid
  • Serine