Objective: The European Acquired Haemophilia registry (EACH2) collected data on the demographics, diagnosis, underlying disorders, bleeding characteristics, treatment, and outcome of women with acquired haemophilia A (AHA), a rare and often severe bleeding disorder caused by autoantibodies directed against coagulation factor VIII.
Design: Prospective, multi-centre, large-scale, pan-European registry.
Setting: A total of 117 haemophilia centres in 13 European countries.
Population: Pregnancy-associated AHA.
Methods: Data were reported using a web-based electronic case report form. Diagnosis was based on the presence of a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time, reduced coagulation Factor VIII level and positive inhibitor assay.
Main outcome measures: Presenting characteristics, time to diagnosis, haemostatic treatment and outcome, immunosuppressive treatment and outcome.
Results: The EACH2 registry (n = 501) documented 42 (8.4%) cases of AHA associated with the peripartum period, a median Factor VIII level at diagnosis of 2.5 (range 0-25) IU/dl and inhibitor titre of 7.8 (range 0.7-348) BU/ml. Antepartum inhibitors were evident in eight women. Time to diagnosis of AHA after delivery was 89 (range 21-120) days. First-line haemostatic treatment was successful in 20/23 (87%) women treated. Bleeding episodes resolved in 17/18 (94%) women treated with a bypassing agent and 29/39 (74%) women achieved complete remission with first-line immunosuppressive treatment. Two babies experienced postnatal bleeding, suggesting transplacental transfer of the antibody. All women were alive at last follow-up.
Conclusions: Although rare, pregnancy-associated AHA may cause severe bleeding-related morbidity. Once diagnosed, women respond well to haemostatic treatment with bypassing agents and immunosuppression. Awareness of peripartum AHA requires improvement to facilitate rapid and appropriate management.
© 2012 The Authors BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology © 2012 RCOG.