Objectives: Due to the pathological effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on cardiomyocytes and the extracellular matrix, ET-1 levels may impact on the prognosis of aortic stenosis (AS) patients operated with aortic valve replacement (AVR). We examined ET-1 levels in AS patients throughout the whole AVR process, thus exposing potential therapeutic windows of opportunity.
Methods: Plasma ET-1 levels were measured before and 2 days, 6 and 12 months after AVR in 22 patients with AS. Myocardial ET-1 was measured in biopsies from 7 patients undergoing AVR. Peroperatively, plasma ET-1 was analyzed in the coronary sinus and radial artery before aortic cross-clamp and at 5 and 20 min of reperfusion, in a second group of 30 patients.
Results: Circulating ET-1 levels were transiently increased 2.6-fold 2 days following AVR. Myocardial ET-1 protein was 2.1-fold higher in patients with AS compared to controls. Plasma levels of ET-1 correlated to echocardiographic markers of diastolic dysfunction postoperatively. There was no increase in plasma ET-1 during early reperfusion, but veno-arterial differences indicated potential cardiac ET-1 extraction.
Conclusions: Plasma ET-1 increases 2 days following AVR and myocardial ET-1 protein levels are increased in patients with AS before AVR. Peroperatively, no plasma ET-1 augmentation or release from the heart was observed in AS patients.
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.