Synthesis of high-quality diesel with furfural and 2-methylfuran from hemicellulose

ChemSusChem. 2012 Oct;5(10):1958-66. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201200228. Epub 2012 Aug 21.


Hydroxyalkylation-alkylation (HAA) coupled with hydrodeoxygenation is a promising route for the synthesis of renewable high-quality diesel or jet fuel. In this work, a series of solid-acid catalysts were firstly used for HAA between lignocellulose-derived furan and carbonyl compounds. Among the investigated catalysts, Nafion-212 resin demonstrated the highest activity and stability. Owing to the high activity of the reactants and the advantage in industrial integration, the HAA of 2-methylfuran (2-MF) and furfural can be considered as a prospective route in future applications. Catalyst loading, reaction temperature, and time had evident effects on the HAA of 2-MF and furfural over Nafion-212 resin. Finally, the HAA product of 2-MF and furfural was hydrogenated over a Pd/C catalyst and hydrodeoxygenated over Pt-loaded solid-acid catalysts. Pt/zirconium phosphate (Pt/ZrP) was found to be the best catalyst for hydrodeoxygenation. Over the 4 % Pt/ZrP catalyst, a 94 % carbon yield of diesel and 75 % carbon yield of C15 hydrocarbons (with 6-butylundecane as the major component) was achieved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alkylation
  • Carbon / chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry Techniques, Synthetic
  • Fluorocarbon Polymers / chemistry
  • Furaldehyde / chemistry*
  • Furans / chemistry*
  • Gasoline*
  • Green Chemistry Technology
  • Hydrogenation
  • Palladium / chemistry
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*


  • Fluorocarbon Polymers
  • Furans
  • Gasoline
  • Polysaccharides
  • perfluorosulfonic acid
  • 2-methylfuran
  • Palladium
  • Carbon
  • hemicellulose
  • Furaldehyde