Assessment of Turkish junior male physicians' exposure to mobbing behavior

Croat Med J. 2012 Aug;53(4):357-66. doi: 10.3325/cmj.2012.53.357.


Aim: To determine the extent of Turkish junior male physicians' exposure to mobbing behavior and its correlation with physicians' characteristics.

Methods: The study included physicians recruited for compulsory military service in April 2009. No sampling method was used, questionnaires were delivered to all physicians, and 278 of 292 (95%) questionnaires were returned. We used Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror including 45 items for data collection and structural equation model for data analysis.

Results: A total of 87.7% of physicians experienced mobbing behavior. Physicians who worked more than 40 hours a week, single physicians, physicians working in university hospitals and private hospitals, and physicians who did not have occupational commitment were more exposed to mobbing (P<0.05). Mobbing was not associated with specialty status, service period, age, and personality variables (P>0.05). All goodness-of- fit indices of the model were acceptable (χ(2)=1.449, normed fit index=0.955, Tucker Lewis index=0.980, comparative fit index=0.985, and root mean square error of approximation=0.040).

Conclusions: Workplace mobbing is a critical problem for junior male physicians in Turkey. We suggest an introduction of a reporting system and education activities for physicians in high-risk groups.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aggression
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Behavior*
  • Physicians / psychology*
  • Rejection, Psychology
  • Social Isolation / psychology
  • Stress, Psychological / etiology
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Turkey
  • Workplace / psychology*