Objectives: Recently published guidelines on the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections recommend against administering vancomycin by continuous infusion on the basis of insufficient studies comparing this with intermittent infusion. We compared outcomes of patients treated with continuous infusion and intermittent infusion of vancomycin.
Patients and methods: Data for outpatients treated with continuous infusion and intermittent infusion of vancomycin were compared utilizing rates of clinical failure defined as the need for unplanned re-admission, change of antibiotics or extension of therapy.
Results: A total of 244 patients met the inclusion criteria, with 188 receiving continuous infusion and 56 intermittent infusion of vancomycin. The endpoint occurred in 21.3% and 30.4% of those receiving continuous infusion and intermittent infusion, respectively (relative risk 0.701, 95% CI 0.432-1.136, P = 0.159). Patient characteristics differed slightly between the two groups; however, logistic regression to adjust for differences in age, co-morbidity, subtherapeutic levels and prosthetic devices did not substantially alter this result.
Conclusions: No difference in rates of clinical failure of continuous infusion and intermittent infusion of vancomycin was observed in this outpatient cohort.