Pathways and consequences of unsafe abortion: a comparison among women with complications after induced and spontaneous abortions in Madhya Pradesh, India

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2012 Sep:118 Suppl 2:S113-20. doi: 10.1016/S0020-7292(12)60009-5.


This study aimed to understand women's pathways of seeking care for postabortion complications in Madhya Pradesh, India. The study recruited 786 women between July and November 2007. Data were collected on service provision, abortion-related complications, care-seeking behavior, knowledge about abortion legality and availability, methods used, symptoms, referral source, and out-of-pocket costs. Women seeking care for complications from induced abortion followed more complex pathways to treatment than women with complications of spontaneous abortion. More complex pathways were associated with higher out-of-pocket costs. Improving community awareness on legal aspects, safe abortion methods, and trained providers are necessary to reduce morbidity associated with unsafe abortion.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Induced / adverse effects*
  • Abortion, Induced / economics
  • Abortion, Spontaneous / diagnosis
  • Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Postoperative Care / economics
  • Postoperative Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Young Adult