Background & aims: Self-renewal of mature hepatocytes promotes homeostasis and regeneration of adult liver. However, recent studies have indicated that liver progenitor cells (LPC) could give rise to hepatic epithelial cells during normal turnover of the liver and after acute injury. We investigated the capacity of LPC to differentiate into hepatocytes in vivo and contribute to liver regeneration.
Methods: We performed lineage tracing experiments, using mice that express tamoxifen-inducible Cre recombinase under control of osteopontin regulatory region crossed with yelow fluorescent protein reporter mice, to follow the fate of LPC and biliary cells. Adult mice received partial (two-thirds) hepatectomy, acute or chronic administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)), choline-deficient diet supplemented with ethionine, or 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine diet.
Results: LPC and/or biliary cells generated 0.78% and 2.45% of hepatocytes during and upon recovery of mice from liver injury, respectively. Repopulation efficiency by LPC and/or biliary cells increased when extracellular matrix and laminin deposition were reduced. The newly formed hepatocytes integrated into hepatic cords, formed biliary canaliculi, expressed hepato-specific enzymes, accumulated glycogen, and proliferated in response to partial hepatectomy, as neighboring native hepatocytes. By contrast, LPC did not contribute to hepatocyte regeneration during normal liver homeostasis, in response to surgical or toxic loss of liver mass, during chronic liver injury (CCl(4)-induced), or during ductular reactions.
Conclusions: LPC or biliary cells terminally differentiate into functional hepatocytes in mice with liver injury.
Copyright © 2012 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.