Erosive potential of sports beverages

Aust Dent J. 2012 Sep;57(3):359-64; quiz 398. doi: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2012.01708.x. Epub 2012 Jul 10.


Background: Dental erosion is an increasingly prevalent problem in Australia, with the consumption of sports beverages suggested as a risk factor. The aim of this study was to compare the erosive potential of Australian sports beverages.

Methods: Ten beverages were selected and analysed to determine their pH, titratable acidity and apparent degree of saturation with respect to apatite. The erosive potential of the beverages was measured by human enamel surface loss and surface softening following a 30-minute exposure. A taste testing panel was established to determine the palatability of the sports beverages.

Results: All sports beverages except Sukkie and Endura produced substantial surface loss and surface softening. Compared with the other sports beverages, Sukkie and Endura had a higher pH, lower titratable acidity and higher calcium content. However, Sukkie and Endura were deemed to be less palatable than the other more acidic sports beverages.

Conclusions: The majority of the sports beverages tested produced dental erosion in this in vitro model. However, two new products Sukkie and Endura have lower erosive potential but also lower palatability.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Acids / adverse effects*
  • Acids / chemistry
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Apatites / analysis*
  • Australia
  • Beverages / adverse effects*
  • Calcium / chemistry
  • Caseins / chemistry
  • Dental Enamel / chemistry*
  • Dental Enamel Solubility / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Sports
  • Taste
  • Tooth Erosion / etiology*


  • Acids
  • Apatites
  • Caseins
  • Calcium