Childhood bullying and becoming a young father in a national cohort of Finnish boys

Scand J Psychol. 2012 Dec;53(6):461-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2012.00971.x. Epub 2012 Aug 24.


Childhood bullying is known to be associated with various adverse psychosocial outcomes in later life. No studies exist on its association with becoming a young father. The study is based on a national cohort, which included 2,946 Finnish boys at baseline in 1989. Information on bullying was collected from children, their parents and their teachers. Follow-up data on becoming a father under the age of 22 were collected from a nationwide register. The follow-up sample included 2,721 boys. Bullying other children frequently was significantly associated with becoming a young father independently of being victimized, childhood psychiatric symptoms and parental educational level. Being a victim of bullying was not associated with becoming a young father when adjusted for possible confounders. When the co-occurrence of bullying and victimization was studied, it was found that being a bully-victim, but not a pure bully or a pure victim, is significantly associated with becoming a young father. This study adds to other studies, which have shown that the risk profile and relational patterns of bully-victims differ from those of other children, and it emphasizes the importance of including peer relationships when studying young fathers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bullying / psychology*
  • Child
  • Crime Victims / psychology*
  • Fathers / psychology*
  • Finland
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Peer Group*
  • Risk Factors
  • Young Adult