Comprehensive evaluation of attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity as defined by research criteria

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1990 Dec;58(6):775-89. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.58.6.775.


Children with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADD+H; N = 48) were compared with those without hyperactivity (ADD-H; N = 42), as well as with learning disabled and control children, on an extensive battery of interviews, behavior ratings, tests, and direct observations. ADD+H children had more externalizing and internalizing symptoms by parent and teacher report, were more off task during vigilance testing, and had more substance abuse, ADD+H, and aggression among their relatives than did the other groups. ADD-H children were more day-dreamy and lethargic by teacher report, more impaired in perceptual-motor speed, and had more anxiety disorders among their relatives than did ADD+H children. Results indicate that these 2 types of ADD may be separate, distinct childhood disorders rather than subtypes of a common attention deficit.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Achievement
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / classification
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology
  • Attention*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Impulsive Behavior / classification
  • Impulsive Behavior / diagnosis
  • Impulsive Behavior / psychology
  • Learning Disabilities / classification
  • Learning Disabilities / diagnosis
  • Learning Disabilities / psychology
  • Motor Activity*
  • Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychometrics