This study evaluated secondary prevention approaches for young adults (N = 36, mean age 23 years) at risk for alcohol problems. Subjects were randomly assigned to cognitive-behavioral alcohol skills training, a didactic alcohol information program, or assessment only. The skills program included training in blood alcohol level estimation, limit setting, and relapse prevention skills. All subjects maintained daily drinking records during the 8-week intervention and for 1 week at each follow-up. Repeated measures MANOVA found a significant reduction over 1-year follow-up in self-reported alcohol consumption for the total sample. For all drinking measures, the directional findings consistently favored skills training. Despite overall reductions, most subjects continued to report occasional heavy drinking.