Rbm15-Mkl1 interacts with the Setd1b histone H3-Lys4 methyltransferase via a SPOC domain that is required for cytokine-independent proliferation

PLoS One. 2012;7(8):e42965. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042965. Epub 2012 Aug 21.


The Rbm15-Mkl1 fusion protein is associated with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL), although little is known regarding the molecular mechanism(s) whereby this fusion protein contributes to leukemogenesis. Here, we show that both Rbm15 and the leukemogenic Rbm15-Mkl1 fusion protein interact with the Setd1b histone H3-Lys4 methyltransferase (also known as KMT2G). This interaction is direct and requires the Rbm15 SPOC domain and the Setd1b LSD motif. Over-expression of Rbm15-Mkl1 in the 6133 megakaryoblastic leukemia cell line, previously established by expression of the Rbm15-Mkl1 fusion protein in mice (Mercher et al., [2009] J. Clin. Invest. 119, 852-864), leads to decreased levels of endogenous Rbm15 and increased levels of endogenous Mkl1. These cells exhibit enhanced proliferation and cytokine-independent cell growth, which requires an intact Rbm15 SPOC domain that mediates interaction between the Rbm15-Mkl1 fusion protein and the Setd1b methyltransferase. These results reveal altered Setd1b complex function and consequent altered epigenetic regulation as a possible molecular mechanism that mediates the leukemogenic activity of the Rbm15-Mkl1 fusion protein in AMKL.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Survival
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase / chemistry
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry*
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Trans-Activators


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • MRTFA protein, human
  • Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
  • RBM15 protein, human
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Rbm15 protein, mouse
  • Trans-Activators
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase

Grant support

This work was supported by the National Science Foundation grant MCB-0641851 (to DGS), Simmon’s Clinical study funds (to JHL), the Riley Children’s Foundation, and the Lilly Endowment. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.