Control of fluoroquinolone resistance through successful regulation, Australia

Emerg Infect Dis. 2012 Sep;18(9):1453-60. doi: 10.3201/eid1809.111515.


Fluoroquinolone antimicrobial drugs are highly bioavailable, broad-spectrum agents with activity against gram-negative pathogens, especially those resistant to other classes of antimicrobial drugs. Australia has restricted the use of quinolones in humans through its national pharmaceutical subsidy scheme; and, through regulation, has not permitted the use of quinolones in food-producing animals. As a consequence, resistance to fluoroquinolones in the community has been slow to emerge and has remained at low levels in key pathogens, such as Escherichia coli. In contrast to policies in most other countries, this policy has successfully preserved the utility of this class of antimicrobial drugs for treatment of most infections.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Australia
  • Drug Prescriptions / standards
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial
  • Drug and Narcotic Control*
  • Fluoroquinolones* / therapeutic use
  • Government Regulation*
  • Humans


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Fluoroquinolones