Diabetic patients are prone to fracture, even when their bone mineral density (BMD) is high, suggesting that BMD is not exclusive factor for bone health. Bone strength is determined by BMD and bone quality, the latter of which could influence fracture risk in diabetic patients. Calcium, vitamin D and vitamin K are essential for increasing and/or maintaining BMD. Vitamin B group and C, which contribute to maintain bone quality, are also important. Intake of these mineral and vitamins under controlling energy consumption plays a key role for bone health.