Survey on vision-related quality of life and self-management among patients with glaucoma

J Glaucoma. 2014 Feb;23(2):75-80. doi: 10.1097/IJG.0b013e318265bbf3.


Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the vision-related quality of life in glaucoma patients and identify the possible predictors for outcomes.

Methods: A total sample of 167 subjects with glaucoma was recruited using a convenience sampling strategy. The National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) and the Glaucoma Self-Management Questionnaire were used for assessing vision-related quality of life and self-management behavior, respectively. The demographic and disease-related data were also collected.

Results: Regarding the vision-related quality of life, the lowest scores were for general health (32.78±23.59), followed by general vision (46.35±19.52). The highest score was for the dimension of color vision (89.02±20.76). Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that self-management behavior, positive glaucoma family history, and binocular visual acuity were predictors of vision-related quality of life in this patient group.

Conclusions: The current study indicates that vision-related quality of life in glaucoma patients is at a moderate level in China. Self-management behavior is an important predictor. Demographic data may not increase the explanatory effect. Future research should focus on how to integrate self-management skills into routine nursing practice for patients with glaucoma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / physiopathology
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / psychology*
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / physiopathology
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / psychology*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Self Care* / psychology
  • Sickness Impact Profile
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology*
  • Visual Acuity / physiology*
  • Young Adult