Aims: To compare the efficacy and safety of once-weekly taspoglutide with insulin glargine in patients with advanced Type 2 diabetes failing metformin and sulphonylurea combination therapy.
Methods: This open-label, parallel-group, multi-centre trial randomized 1049 patients continuing metformin 1:1:1 to taspoglutide 10 mg once weekly, taspoglutide 20 mg once weekly or insulin glargine once daily with forced titration to fasting plasma glucose ≤ 6.1 mmol/l. Sulphonylureas were discontinued before randomization. The primary endpoint was change in HbA(1c) after 24 weeks.
Results: After 24 weeks, least-square mean changes from baseline in HbA(1c) in patients receiving taspoglutide 10 mg [-8 mmol/mol (se 1)] [-0.77% (se 0.05)] or taspoglutide 20 mg [-11 mmol/mol (se 1)] [-0.98% (se 0.05)] were non-inferior to insulin glargine [-9 mmol/mol (se 1)] [-0.84% (se 0.05)]; treatment difference of 0.07% (95% CI -0.06 to 0.21) and -0.14% (95% CI -0.28 to -0.01), for taspoglutide 10 and 20 mg, respectively, vs. insulin glargine. Taspoglutide was associated with more adverse events (mainly gastrointestinal) and significantly less hypoglycaemia than insulin glargine.
Conclusions: Compared with insulin glargine, taspoglutide provided non-inferior HbA(1c) reductions associated with less hypoglycaemia, but more gastrointestinal adverse events.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00755287.
© 2012 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2012 Diabetes UK.