Type II cGMP-dependent protein kinase inhibits ERK/JNK-mediated activation of transcription factors in gastric cancer cells

Mol Med Rep. 2012 Nov;6(5):1190-4. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2012.1050. Epub 2012 Aug 27.


A previous study has shown that type II cGMP‑dependent protein kinase (PKG II) inhibits the proliferation of gastric cancer cells through blocking EGF-triggered MAPK/ERK signal transduction, indicating that the kinase may be a potential anticancer factor. In the present study, the role of PKG II in the EGF-induced activation of transcription factors in the MAPK/ERK signal transduction pathway was investigated. BGC-823 human gastric cancer cells were infected with adenoviral constructs encoding the cDNA of PKG II (pAd‑PKG II) to increase the expression of PKG II and treated with 8-pCPT‑cGMP to activate the enzyme. Using luciferase reporter assays, it was revealed that PKG II markedly suppressed the EGF-induced transcriptional activities of AP-1 and Elk1. Consistent with the inhibitory effect of PKG II on AP-1 activity, the expression levels of c-Jun and c-Fos, components of AP-1, were also inhibited. Co-immunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated that EGF treatment increased the AP-1 content through inducing the formation of p-c-Jun-c-Jun homodimers and p-c-Jun-c-Fos heterodimers. However, this combination was efficiently blocked by activated PKG II. While pretreatments with MAPK inhibitors suppressed the EGF-induced transcriptional activities of AP-1 and Elk1, PKG II prevented the EGF-induced phosphorylation/activation of ERK and JNK, but not the phosphorylation of p38MAPK induced by EGF. These data suggest that PKG II inhibits the EGF-triggered proliferation of gastric cancer cells through suppressing ERK-/JNK-, but not p38MAPK, -mediated AP-1 and Elk1 transactivation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Type II / metabolism*
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / pharmacology
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Stomach Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcriptional Activation / drug effects
  • ets-Domain Protein Elk-1 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • ets-Domain Protein Elk-1 / metabolism


  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun
  • Transcription Factor AP-1
  • Transcription Factors
  • ets-Domain Protein Elk-1
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Type II
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases