Calcifying pseudoneoplasms of the neural axis

J Neurosurg. 1990 Jan;72(1):42-8. doi: 10.3171/jns.1990.72.1.0042.

Abstract

An unusual fibrocalcifying lesion of the neural axis was identified in 14 cases. The radiographic appearance was that of a mass, which in some instances was calcified. The surrounding structures were compressed and the adjacent bone was involved. Histologically, the process was basically a granulomatous one. The granulomas were either nodular or confluent, producing a large mass with peripheral lobular configuration. Epithelioid cells and giant cells bordered the granulomas. Most of the granulomas were composed of fibrochondrocalcifying material. The lesion was particularly dangerous when located in a strategic site, such as the foramen magnum or the base of the skull. Two of the 14 patients with this pseudotumor died, and the other 12 have done well. Complete ablation, marginal or even intralesional, assures control of the lesion. The lesion is probably reactive rather than neoplastic.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Calcinosis / pathology*
  • Calcinosis / surgery
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / pathology*
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / surgery
  • Child
  • Female
  • Granuloma / pathology*
  • Granuloma / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myelography
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed