Infrared study of Er(3+)/Yb(3+) Co-Doped GeO(2)-PbO-Bi(2)O(3) glass

Int J Mol Sci. 2012;13(7):8609-8614. doi: 10.3390/ijms13078609. Epub 2012 Jul 10.


Heavy metal oxide glasses, containing bismuth and/or lead in their glass structure are new alternatives for rare eart (RE) doped hosts. Hence, the study of the structure of these vitreous systems is of great interest for science and technology. In this research work, GeO(2)-PbO-Bi(2)O(3) glass host doped with Er(3+)/Yb(3+) ions was synthesized by a conventional melt quenching method. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) results showed that PbO and Bi(2)O(3) participate with PbO(4) tetragonal pyramids and strongly distort BiO(6) octahedral units in the glass network, which subsequently act as modifiers in glass structure. These results also confirmed the existence of both four and six coordination of germanium oxide in glass matrix.

Keywords: Bi2O3; FTIR spectroscopy; PbO; germanate glass.

MeSH terms

  • Bismuth / chemistry*
  • Erbium / chemistry*
  • Germanium / chemistry*
  • Glass / chemistry*
  • Lead / chemistry*
  • Oxides / chemistry*
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Ytterbium / chemistry*


  • Oxides
  • Germanium
  • Lead
  • lead oxide
  • germanium oxide
  • Erbium
  • bismuth oxide
  • Ytterbium
  • Bismuth