Rural versus urban Texas WIC participants' fruit and vegetable consumption

Am J Health Behav. 2013 Jan;37(1):130-40. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.37.1.15.


Objective: To explore fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption among urban and rural Black Texas WIC participants.

Methods: The study included 673 WIC mothers and their 351 children from the TEXFAN study. T-tests, Pearson chi-squared test, and regressions were performed.

Results: Among children, differences were found for fruit consumption but not vegetable. Urban children were offered and consumed a greater variety of F&V. Mothers' F&V intake was related to age, pregnancy status, and breastfeeding status.

Conclusions: This study provides insight into a subsection of the WIC population. Further research should be done regarding increasing the amount and variety of F&V consumed by WIC women and children.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies / methods
  • Diet Surveys / methods
  • Diet Surveys / statistics & numerical data
  • Eating / psychology*
  • Female
  • Fruit
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mothers / psychology
  • Pregnancy
  • Rural Population / statistics & numerical data*
  • Texas
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*
  • Vegetables