Aims: The aim of this study was to understand the association between clinical characteristics, medical management, and functional outcomes in Chinese patients with nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).
Methods: The China National Stroke Registry (CNSR) was a prospective cohort study that included 132 Chinese hospitals. Logistic regression was used to determine the risk factors associated with poor outcomes at 3, 6, and 12 months, post-ICH onset.
Results: Three thousand two hundred fifty five ICH patients with follow-up information up to 1 year post-ICH were included in this study. 49.1%, 47.1%, and 46.0% of ICH patients had poor outcomes at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Age, admission systolic blood pressure, admission Glasgow Coma Score, hematoma volume, withdrawal of support, and complication of gastrointestinal hemorrhage were associated with poor outcomes at 3 and 12 months. Stroke unit care was associated with good outcome at 3 months. Intensive care unit (ICU)/Neurology ICU care was associated with poor outcome at 3 months.
Conclusion: This is the first report of long-term functional outcomes in ICH patients from mainland China. Our study elucidates the risk factors that may influence functional outcomes post-ICH and therefore facilitate the development of management strategies to improve ICH care in China.
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.