Type I interferon (IFN) medications cause various adverse reactions, including vascular diseases. Although an association between chemokines and vascular diseases has also been reported, the relationship between type I IFN and chemokines in vascular endothelial cells (VEC) remains unclear. To provide clues to pathogenesis of the diseases, we analysed the effects of type I IFN on chemokine production in human VEC. Type I IFN induced higher CX3CL1 (fractalkine) mRNA expression and protein secretion in pulmonary arterial VEC than in umbilical vein VEC. Type I IFN also induced CCL5 [regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES)] production in VEC, especially in lung micro-VEC. IFN-β induced much higher chemokine production than IFN-α, and Janus protein tyrosine kinase (JAK) inhibitor I prevented type I IFN-induced chemokine secretion. Type I IFN-induced chemokines may be involved in the pathophysiology of pulmonary vascular diseases, and the JAK inhibitor may serve as a therapeutic option for these diseases.
© 2012 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Immunology © 2012 British Society for Immunology.