Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were monitored during 113 operations for the clipping of 134 cerebral aneurysms. Changes in peak latency and amplitude of early cortical SEP as well as central conduction time were evaluated. In 58 cases surgical occlusion of arterial vessels or other events occurred, and in 17 of these cases such events were associated with SEP changes or loss. Arterial occlusions resulted from temporary clipping of a feeding blood vessel (22), accidental clipping of a vessel (12), and intentional permanent vessel occlusion (8). A total SEP loss was seen in 2 cases of accidental vessel occlusion and in 6 cases of temporary vessel clipping. Significant SEP changes were found in 6 patients with temporary clipping, and once each with retraction of the cerebellum, retraction of the middle cerebral artery, and after intentional permanent vessel occlusion. Response to these changes included reapplication of aneurysm clips, repositioning of retractors, or removal of temporary clips. Stable SEP signals during 13 cases allowed the surgeon to proceed with the surgical course. Despite the limitations of SEP monitoring in certain anatomical locations, it has been found to be helpful in the operative management of some cases such as multilobed aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery, giant aneurysms, trapping procedures, and procedures requiring temporary vessel occlusion.