Can a minimal intervention reduce secondhand smoke exposure among children with asthma from low income minority families? Results of a randomized trial

J Immigr Minor Health. 2014 Apr;16(2):256-64. doi: 10.1007/s10903-012-9713-4.

Abstract

We report on the results of a low-intensity behavioral intervention to reduce second hand smoke (SHS) exposure of children with asthma from low income minority households in Los Angeles, California. In this study, 242 child/adult dyads were randomized to a behavioral intervention (video, workbook, minimal counseling) or control condition (brochure). Main outcome measures included child's urine cotinine and parental reports of child's hours of SHS exposure and number of household cigarettes smoked. Implementation of household bans was also considered. No differences in outcomes were detected between intervention and control groups at follow-up. Limitations included high attrition and low rates of collection of objective measures (few children with urine cotinine samples). There continues to be a need for effective culturally and linguistically appropriate strategies that support reduction of household SHS exposure among children with asthma in low income, minority households.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Asthma / physiopathology*
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Behavior Therapy / methods*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cotinine / urine
  • Environmental Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Los Angeles
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Poverty
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control*

Substances

  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution
  • Cotinine