Background and purpose: Although it is established that the receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMPs) can interact with a number of GPCRs, little is known about the consequences of these interactions. Here the interaction of RAMPs with the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1 receptor), the human vasoactive intestinal polypeptide/pituitary AC-activating peptide 2 receptor (VPAC(2)) and the type 1 corticotrophin releasing factor receptor (CRF(1)) has been examined.
Experimental approach: GPCRs were co-transfected with RAMPs in HEK 293S and CHO-K1 cells. Cell surface expression of RAMPs and GPCRs was examined by ELISA. Where there was evidence for interactions, agonist-stimulated cAMP production, Ca(2+) mobilization and GTPγS binding to G(s), G(i), G(12) and G(q) were examined. The ability of CRF to stimulate adrenal corticotrophic hormone release in Ramp2(+/-) mice was assessed.
Key results: The GLP-1 receptor failed to enhance the cell surface expression of any RAMP. VPAC(2) enhanced the cell surface expression of all three RAMPs. CRF(1) enhanced the cell surface expression of RAMP2; the cell surface expression of CRF(1) was also increased. There was no effect on agonist-stimulated cAMP production. However, there was enhanced G-protein coupling in a receptor and agonist-dependent manner. The CRF(1) : RAMP2 complex resulted in enhanced elevation of intracellular calcium to CRF and urocortin 1 but not sauvagine. In Ramp2(+/-) mice, there was a loss of responsiveness to CRF.
Conclusions and implications: The VPAC(2) and CRF(1) receptors interact with RAMPs. This modulates G-protein coupling in an agonist-specific manner. For CRF(1), coupling to RAMP2 may be of physiological significance.
© 2012 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology © 2012 The British Pharmacological Society.