Soluble CD163 is associated with body mass index and blood pressure in hypertensive obese Saudi patients

Eur J Clin Invest. 2012 Nov;42(11):1221-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2012.02714.x. Epub 2012 Sep 4.


Background: The hallmark of vascular inflammation is the recruitment of circulating leucocytes, primarily monocytes, macrophages and T lymphocytes, into the vascular wall; however, the link between monocyte/macrophage activation and hypertension has not been established as yet. In this study, we determined how sCD163, a monocyte/macrophage soluble scavenger receptor and immunomodulator, relates to arterial blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive Saudi individuals.

Materials and methods: A total of 90 (30 non-hypertensive obese, 30 hypertensive obese and 30 lean normotensive controls) adult Saudi subjects, aged 40-60 years, participated in this cross-sectional study. Serum fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), leptin, adiponectin, resistin, insulin, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), PAI-1, angiotensin II, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and sCD163 were measured in all subjects studied.

Results: sCD163 concentrations were significantly increased in obese hypertensive patients compared to controls (P=0.016). Positive correlations between sCD163 and body mass index (BMI) (r=0.27, P=0.01), systolic BP (r=0.25, P=0.01), diastolic BP (r=0.33, P=0.001), LDL-C (r=0.21, P=0.04), TNF-α (r=0.23, P=0.02) and hsCRP (r=0.33, P=0.008) were observed. Positive correlations between sCD163 and diastolic BP (r=0.23, P=0.04) and LDL-C (r=0.22, P=0.03) remained significant after controlling for BMI.

Conclusions: Taken together, these data demonstrate that the monocyte/macrophage activation-related sCD163 is positively associated with BMI and increased arterial BP with the elevation in diastolic BP being independent of the BMI.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Antigens, CD / blood*
  • Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / blood*
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Body Mass Index*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / blood*
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / blood*
  • Saudi Arabia


  • Antigens, CD
  • Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic
  • CD163 antigen
  • Receptors, Cell Surface